This a multiball loading of the .321 Greener. It was developed by W.W. Greener and was made from a modified .450-31/4” Nitro case. It dates from the mid-to-late 1920’s and was not a commercial success.
The distinctive longitudinal flutes retain the 3 projectiles. Note the top 2 bullets have a coned hollow base to accept the nose of the next projectile. The rearmost projectile is retained by a stab crimp at the bottom of each flute.
Note the use of cordite powder, and a Berdan primer.
This round was not headstamped.
A single ball loading was also made. This was a 155 gr. softpoint loading.
Reference: Hoyem, George, 1991, The History and Development of small arms Ammunition. Volume 3. Page 135.
“When my father’s father’s father had a difficult task to accomplish, he went to a certain place in the forest, lit a fire, and immersed himself in silent prayer. And what had to be done was done. When my father’s father was confronted with the same task, he went to the same place in the forest and said; ‘”We no longer know how to light the fire, but we still know the prayer.” And what had to be done was done. Later, he too went into the forest and said: “We no longer know how to light the fire, we no longer know the mysteries of prayer, but we still know the exact place in the forest where it occurred. And that should do.” And that did do. But when I was faced with the same task, I stayed home and I said; “We no longer know how to light the fire, we no longer know the prayers. We don’t even know the place in the forest. But we do know how to tell the story.”
Hat tip to John Brewer.
A series of tear-jerker articles in British newspapers concerning the taking of a lion at the beginning of this month on the outskirts of Zimbabwe’s Hwange National Park has unleashed an astonishing tizzy of violent emotionalism and anti-hunting bigotry on the part of the international media’s ill-informed and urban-based mass audience.
Dr. Walter Palmer, a Bloomington, Minnesota dentist who is also a long-time and spectacularly accomplished big game hunter, has been pilloried for effectuating the demise of a mature, 13-year-old male lion, referred to by the Press as “Cecil.” (Wikipedia notes that, typically, “Lions live for 10–14 years in the wild.”) Lions, of course, do not have names.
All the heart-string-tugging malarkey about poor “Cecil” was apparently started by the head of one of those Timothy Treadwell-style, self-appointed, one-man “Save the Charismatic Wildlife By Giving Me Money!” Conservation Charities. Johnny Rodrigues, a Madeira-born former Rhodesian farmer and operator of a failed trucking company, founder and Chairman of the Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force, seems to be the original source of Cecil’s biography and all the complaints.
The story, as told to the BBC, went:
A hunter paid a $55,000 (£35,000) bribe to wildlife guides to kill an “iconic” lion in Zimbabwe, a conservationist has told the BBC.
Allegations that a Spaniard was behind the killing were being investigated, Johnny Rodrigues said.
The lion, named Cecil, was shot with a crossbow and rifle, before being beheaded and skinned, he added.
The 13-year-old lion was a major tourist attraction at Zimbabwe’s famous Hwange National Park.
Zimbabwe, like many African countries, is battling to curb illegal hunting and poaching which threatens to make some of its wildlife extinct.
Mr Rodrigues, the head of Zimbabwe Conservation Task Force, said the use of a bow and arrow heralded a new trend aimed at avoiding arrest.
“It’s more silent. If you want to do anything illegal, that’s the way to do it,” he told BBC’s Newsday programme.
However, the lion, which had a distinctive black mane, did not die immediately and was followed for more than 40 hours before it was shot with rifle, Mr Rodrigues said.
The animal had a GPS collar for a research project by UK-based Oxford University, allowing authorities to track its movements.
Mr Rodrigues said Cecil’s killing was tragic.
“He never bothered anybody. He was one of the most beautiful animals to look at.”
The lion had been “baited” out of the park, a tactic which hunters used to portray their action as legal, Mr Rodrigues said.
Two guides had been arrested and if it was confirmed that the hunter was a Spaniard, “we will expose him for what he is”, he added.
The six cubs of Cecil will now be killed, as a new male lion in the pride will not allow them to live in order to encourage the lionesses to mate with him.
“That’s how it works… it’s in the wild; it’s nature taking its course,” Mr Rodrigues said.
Mr. Rodrigues was clearly in error on a variety of details.
The hunter was not Spanish, and was actually the American Dr. Palmer. The lion was undoubtedly shot with a longbow, not a crossbow. Dr. Palmer obviously did not bribe anybody. He would have been paying, as is typically required for non-citizens hunting in African countries, per diem for the safari guiding services of a professional hunting company, which would have run something on the order of $1800-2200 a day. (Example: CMS Safaris) He would additionally have paid a $10,000-15,000 trophy fee to the government of Zimbabwe for the privilege of taking a lion.
It is by no means impossible that Mr. Rodrigues is correct as to the total amount of hunting and trophy fees contributed by Dr. Palmer to the Zimbabwean economy and in support of wildlife conservation in that country. Trophy big game hunting is expensive and represents the principal source of revenue in African countries used to protect wildlife and to prevent poaching.
If one looks at the situation correctly, Dr. Palmer was harvesting an aged, trophy lion in exchange for a massive infusion of cash. The ability of African countries to collect those kinds of trophy fees and the ability of sport hunting to provide African employment and to bring that kind of money into the local economy constitutes the best possible kind of motivation for African governments to take a serious interest in the protection, preservation, and survival of big game species. When one lion can bring Zimbabwe $55,000 in cold hard cash, you can bet that lions will not be permitted to be exterminated in Zimbabwe.
The British press stories, based on Mr. Rodrigues’ accusations, claim that the lion was lured outside the park intentionally by baiting, but the later accounts all make clear that “Cecil” wandered out of the park and was shot when found going after bait which had been placed legally to attract leopard. Nobody baits lions, but leopards (absent any other practical method) are typically shot over bait.
Further accusations express outrage that Dr. Palmer shot a collared lion, but “Cecil” was a handsome specimen with a large and very full mane. Looking at two photographs of him, I certainly cannot see a collar. It is obviously unfair to blame the hunter for not seeing a collar buried deep in a lion’s mane.
And, apparently, the harvesting of a collared lion inadvertently by a sport hunter is not unusual. (Telegraph)
The Wildlife Conservation Research Unit at Oxford University has tracked the Hwange lions since 1999 to measure the impact of sport hunting beyond the park on the lion population within the park, using radar and direct observation.
According to figures published by National Geographic, 34 of their 62 tagged lions died during the study period – 24 were shot by sport hunters.
The Press piled on inflammatory details obviously intended to stir readers’ emotions. The newspaper accounts all note that the lion was initially wounded, and then subsequently followed up and killed by gunshot. And then! the poor lion’s remains were outraged and violated. He was skinned and decapitated, the newsprint screams. Urban readers are clearly intended to regard Dr. Palmer and his professional hunter as barbarians on a par with ISIS, running around decapitating lions. Of course, a trophy game animal is commonly skinned and its skull taken and preserved, so that they can be mounted by a taxidermist.
Zimbabwe, of course, is an incompetent and corrupt left-wing kleptocracy run by primitive natives, so all this international brouhaha is provoking exactly the kind of pompous official response one might expect. Dr. Palmer’s lion trophy has been confiscated, and the professional hunting firm is being charged with taking the lion illegally. Zimbabwean authorities now contend that the lion was taken on a farm whose owner had not been allocated any permit allowing a lion to be harvested. If that story is correct, of course, the violation would not be the fault of the American dentist. The visiting hunter pays that $1800-2200 per diem to the professional hunting company precisely so that his White Hunters will guide him to locations where the trophies he is after can be legally hunted and see to it that all of the necessary licenses and permits are in order.
Poor Dr. Palmer, as the result, of all of this has become the object of literally thousands and thousands of pieces of hate postings, many of them explicitly yearning for him to die a painful death, and he has been forced to close his office and go into hiding.
How well do you suppose the safari industry in Zimbabwe will be making out next year? What do you suppose Zimbabwean game license fees funding that country’s conservation revenues are going to be like? As we sit here, you can count on it, letters cancelling next year’s safaris are being written. And it follows inevitably that game protection funding will be down to zip, and poaching and illegal lion taking in the general vicinity of Hwange National Park will be flourishing on an unprecedented scale for many years to come, all thanks to Mr. Rodrigues and all the animal lovers writing news reports for British newspapers.
Jeffrey Varasano (Y ’88), on FB, speculated that Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders might be stalking horses for other candidates and discussed the Far Left’s successful use of Vanguard-ism and the Left’s similar success in discrediting right-wing vanguards.
Epiphany: Pundits who are my intellectual betters have proposed that Bernie Sanders is a stalking horse for Elizabeth Warren. What if Donald Trump is a stalking horse for Ted Cruz?
Sanders is testing out the popularity of anti-Wall Street populism so that when Warren gets in the race she will already know she can give Hillary real competition. She won’t have to risk falling flat, losing credibility and ruining her chances of a future run for the presidency.
Dems zeroed in on Ted Cruz as a threat a couple of years back and have relentlessly demonized him and tried to convince the electorate that he’s cray-cray. But Trump makes Cruz look so measured, so reasonable — a candidate not to reject out of hand. So Trump is testing out the popularity of anti-Washington populism, about which Cruz can make very powerful arguments.
Everybody’s a populist now.” – Victoria Knox
“How the Left deals with this is very instructive. The left studies revolution and power tactics, whereas the right studies policy and governance. The left are pros at this and calls it “Vanguardism.” Lenin wrote about it. The party moves not from the Center but from the edges, which then makes a path for others. The Vanguard takes arrows, tries things out, and can make enemies. It can always disavow, if need be. In this way, the true force, which follows the vanguard, has the path lit.
The Far Right: the left paints the far right as extremist nuts and immediately tries to link the center right to it. The Left’s goal is to create a rift – to prevent the center right from creating any protection for the far right and leave their own out to dry. The left smears the far right then connects the center right to it, forcing the center to distance themselves. Thus the rift actually comes from the center right itself. The far right, who are the most courageous foot soldiers, are hung out and get discouraged. The center right never takes one step to the right for fear of being lumped in with those that have been shunned.
The Far Left. The right tries meekly to connect the center left to the far left. The center left defends the far left, not by embracing it, but by calling anyone who sees their connection to their left wing paranoid. Thus they don’t defend communism, they say the right is paranoid for worrying about it. In this way the center left protects itself and attacks the right at the same time. Meanwhile they actually protect the far left too. They discredit individual critics of the far left rather than defend far left policies. But then they also funnel money to the far left or to more palatable fronts for the fast left. Gradually they work to mainstream far left ideas. So yesterday the right was paranoid for thinking Obama would support gay marriage, today the right is evil for opposing gay marriage.
There’s more to this, but this is the gist of Vanguardism.”
Marcelo Zuniga illustrates in a series of videos all the changes that Lucasfilm has made to the original Star Wars Trilogy (and he found a lot of them).
(Watching in Full Screen modes is recommended.)
Hat tip to Ratak Monodosico.
Armored skull from Visby Skeletal Collection in the Fornsalen Museum
The Visby skeletal collection at the Fornsalen Museum contains the remains of 1185 people who died at the Battle of Visby in 1361 and is the largest battlefield skeletal collection in Europe. Anthropologists from all over the world come to examine these battered bones to study medieval battlefield injuries. Here’s how these bodies ended up in a museum.
In July of 1361 the Danish king Valdemar IV decided to invade the island of Gotland, Sweden because it had a diverse population that included Danes, was populated with wealthy inhabitants, and was strategically located in the Baltic Sea. A legion of Swedish peasants tried to repel the Danish invasion near the city of Visby, but the inexperienced Gotlanders were no match for the Danish soldiers and many of them were slaughtered during the battle. The fallen Gotland soldiers were buried in three large mass graves, with their armor and weapons, near the city walls. After the Gotlanders surrendered, the island became a part of the Danish kingdom for a short period of time, until the Swedish crown reclaimed it in the early 15th century.
In 1905 Dr. Oscar Wennersten exhumed one of the graves and unearthed 300 bodies. Archaeologists Bengt Thordeman and Poul Nørlund recovered more bodies during additional excavations from two mass graves between 1912 and 1928, bringing the total bodies recovered to 1185.
Roger L. Simon notes that Trump is winning and argues that everyone should get used to it and love The Donald. (Roger does like tormenting the lefties.)
What would a Trump presidency look like?
To start with the obvious — flashy. Designer gowns are back at the White House — with extra gold lame and very big steaks at state dinners, hold the kale. Everything Obama is out (thankfully) except golf. Golf is way in as never before. Negotiations will be handled quickly, Trump style. Many will be fired, but there’ll be more jobs in the private sector for them to go to. Iran will be out. Israel in. (Little known fact: Donald has a company over there called Trump Drinks Israel that markets Trump-branded vodka to the Israeli and Palestinian market …I thought they weren’t supposed to drink). Reruns of The Apprentice will be mandated on all cable channels after midnight.
IN: Hair pieces, Tony Bennett albums (with and without Lady Gaga), cufflinks, New York accents circa 1953, social conservatism (lip service only, sorry), super models, gold escalators.
OUT: John Podesta, microagressions, trigger warnings (they are way out), anybody who doesn’t think Donald is great, anybody who has mixed feelings about Donald, Code Pink, comparative literature professors, John Kerry, John Kerry’s sailboat, the IRS.
Now does that sound bad? Certainly a lot better than we’ve been experiencing lately. So, as we learned years ago from the subtitle of Dr. Strangelove… How I learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb… this is How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Donald Trump.
And as for ISIS, all Donald will ever say to them is, you guessed it, “You’re fired!”
"The Divine Comedy", Dante Alighieri, Gherush92, Political Censorship, Political Correctness, The Left
Detail: Dominico di Michelino, Dante and the Divine Comedy, fresco, Florence Cathedral, 1465.
The Telegraph‘s reportage demonstrates that the organized Left’s hankering to eradicate history is international in scope and goes much farther than the Confederate flag.
[Dante’s] classic work should be removed from school curricula, according to Gherush 92, a human rights organisation which acts as a consultant to UN bodies on racism and discrimination.
Dante’s epic is “offensive and discriminatory” and has no place in a modern classroom, said Valentina Sereni, the group’s president.
Divided into three parts – Hell, Purgatory and Heaven – the poem consists of 100 cantos, of which half a dozen were marked out for particular criticism by the group.
It represents Islam as a heresy and Mohammed as a schismatic and refers to Jews as greedy, scheming moneylenders and traitors, Miss Sereni told the Adnkronos news agency.
“The Prophet Mohammed was subjected to a horrific punishment – his body was split from end to end so that his entrails dangled out, an image that offends Islamic culture,” she said.
Homosexuals are damned by the work as being “against nature” and condemned to an eternal rain of fire in Hell.
“We do not advocate censorship or the burning of books, but we would like it acknowledged, clearly and unambiguously, that in the Divine Comedy there is racist, Islamophobic and anti-Semitic content. Art cannot be above criticism,” Miss Sereni said.
Schoolchildren and university students who studied the work lacked “the filters” to appreciate its historical context and were being fed a poisonous diet of anti-Semitism and racism, the group said.
It called for the Divine Comedy to be removed from schools and universities or at least have its more offensive sections fully explained.
Gherush 92 indictment (in Italian).