The Daily Mail reports:
Russian scientists have returned from a six-week mission on a nuclear ice-breaker to claim that the 1,220-mile long underwater Lomonosov Ridge is geologically linked to the Siberian continental platform – and similar in structure.
The region is currently administered by the International Seabed Authority but this is now being challenged by Moscow.
Experts estimate the ridge has ten billion tons of gas and oil deposits and significant sources of diamonds, gold, tin, manganese, nickel, lead and platinum.
A Russian attempt to claim Arctic territory was rejected five years ago, but this time Moscow plans to make a far more serious submission to the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf. …
Ted Nield, of the Geological Society in London, branded Russia’s claim nonsensical.
“The notion that geological structures can somehow dictate ownership is deeply peculiar,” he said.
“Anyway, the Lomonosov Ridge is not part of a continental shelf – it is the point at which two ocean floor plates under the Arctic Ocean are spreading apart.
“It extends from Russia across to Canada, which means Canada could use the same argument and say the ridge is part of the Canadian shelf.
“If you take that to its logical conclusion, Canada could claim Russia and the whole of Eurasia as its own.”