Some people thought the worst day for human learning occurred in 47 B.C. when the Library of Alexandria was burned during fighting between the troops of Julius Caesar and those of Ptolemy XIII. Ha!
You were going to get one-click access to the full text of nearly every book thatâ€™s ever been published. Books still in print youâ€™d have to pay for, but everything elseâ€”a collection slated to grow larger than the holdings at the Library of Congress, Harvard, the University of Michigan, at any of the great national libraries of Europeâ€”would have been available for free at terminals that were going to be placed in every local library that wanted one.
At the terminal you were going to be able to search tens of millions of books and read every page of any book you found. Youâ€™d be able to highlight passages and make annotations and share them; for the first time, youâ€™d be able to pinpoint an idea somewhere inside the vastness of the printed record, and send somebody straight to it with a link. Books would become as instantly available, searchable, copy-pasteableâ€”as alive in the digital worldâ€”as web pages.
It was to be the realization of a long-held dream. â€œThe universal library has been talked about for millennia,â€ Richard Ovenden, the head of Oxfordâ€™s Bodleian Libraries, has said. â€œIt was possible to think in the Renaissance that you might be able to amass the whole of published knowledge in a single room or a single institution.â€ In the spring of 2011, it seemed weâ€™d amassed it in a terminal small enough to fit on a desk.
â€œThis is a watershed event and can serve as a catalyst for the reinvention of education, research, and intellectual life,â€ one eager observer wrote at the time.
On March 22 of that year, however, the legal agreement that would have unlocked a centuryâ€™s worth of books and peppered the country with access terminals to a universal library was rejected under Rule 23(e)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure by the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York.
When the library at Alexandria burned it was said to be an â€œinternational catastrophe.â€ When the most significant humanities project of our time was dismantled in court, the scholars, archivists, and librarians whoâ€™d had a hand in its undoing breathed a sigh of relief, for they believed, at the time, that they had narrowly averted disaster.