Lao Tsu, a Chinese Emperor, Osama bin Laden, and the purported son of Al Capone, are all mixed together in the legendary saga of the largest pearl ever found. The Atlantic tells its story.
Legend says the diver drowned retrieving the pearl. Trapped in a giant Tridacna clam, his body was brought to the surface by his fellow tribesmen in Palawan, a province of the Philippines, in May 1934. When the clam was pried open, and the meat scraped out, the local chief beheld something marvelous: a massive pearl, its sheen like satin. In its surface, the chief discerned the face of the Prophet Muhammad. He named it the Pearl of Allah. At 14 pounds, one ounce, it was the largest pearl ever discovered.
A Filipino American, Wilburn Dowell Cobb, was visiting the island at the time and offered to buy the jewel. In a 1939 article that appeared in Natural History magazine, he recounted the chiefâ€™s refusal to sell: â€œA pearl with the image of Mohammed, the Prophet of Allah, is earned by devotion, by sacrifice, not bought with money.â€ But when the chiefâ€™s son fell ill with malaria, Cobb used atabrine, a modern medicine, to heal him. â€œYou have earned your reward,â€ the chief proclaimed. â€œHere, my friend, claim this, your pearl.â€
In 1939, Cobb brought the pearl to New York City, and exhibited it at Ripleyâ€™s Believe It or Not, on Broadway. There, a new legend emerged, eclipsing the first. Upon seeing the pearl, Cobb said, an elderly Chinese gentleman â€œof highest culture and significant wealthâ€ named Mr. Lee â€œburst into an hysteria of trembling and weeping.â€ This wasnâ€™t the Pearl of Allah; this was the long-lost Pearl of Lao Tzu.
Around 600 b.c., he told Cobb, Lao Tzu, the ancient Chinese philosopher and founder of Taoism, carved an amulet depicting the â€œthree friendsâ€â€”Buddha, Confucius, and himselfâ€”and inserted it into a clam so that a pearl would grow around it. As it developed, the pearl was transferred to ever-larger shells until only the giant Tridacna could hold it. In its sheen, Mr. Lee claimed, was not just one face, but three.
On the spot, Mr. Lee offered Cobb half a million dollars, saying the pearl was actually worth $3.5 million. But like the principled chief before him, Cobb refused to sell.
The mysterious Mr. Lee returned to China, never to be heard from again. But his spontaneous appraisalâ€”$3.5 millionâ€”still forms the basis of a price that has steadily grown, from $40 million to $60 million to $75 million and beyond. And Mr. Leeâ€™s recognition of Lao Tzuâ€™s legendary pearl is at the heart of an 80-year-old hoax that has left a trail of wreckage across the United Statesâ€”a satin mirage many try to grasp, before the jaws snap shut.
Bits of the legend are true. The pearl really was discovered when a diver drowned; Cobb really did acquire it from the local chief; and gazing at the pearl, you really can discern the face of a turbaned man. The rest is a fantasy Cobb invented.