Williamsonâ€™s core argument is that politics has a congenital defect: Politics cannot get â€œless wrongâ€ (a term coined by artificial-intelligence guru Eliezer Yudkowsky). Productive systems â€” the scientific method, the market, evolution â€” all have the built-in ability to learn from failures. Nothing (in this life at least) ever becomes immortally perfect, but some things become less wrong through trial and error. The market, writes Williamson, â€œis a form of social evolution that is metaphorically parallel to bioÂlogical evolution. Consider the case of New Coke, or Betamax, or McDonaldâ€™s Arch Deluxe, or Clairolâ€™s Touch of Yogurt Shampoo. . . . When hordes of people donâ€™t show up to buy the product, then the product dies.â€ Just like organisms in the wild, corporations that donâ€™t learn from failures eventually fade away.
Except in politics: â€œThe problem of politics is that it does not know how to get less wrong.â€ While new iPhones regularly burst forth like gifts from the gods, politics plods along. â€œOther than Social Security, there are very few 1935 vintage products still in use,â€ he writes. â€œResistance to innovation is a part of the deep structure of politics. In that, it is like any other monopoly. It never goes out of business â€” despite flooding the market with defective and dangerous products, mistreating its customers, degrading the environment, cooking the books, and engaging in financial shenanigans that would have made Gordon Gekko pale to contemplate.â€ Hence, it is not U.S. Steel, which was eventually washed away like an imposing sand castle in the surf, but only politics that can claim to be â€œthe eternal corporation.â€
The reason for this immortality is simple: The people running the State are never sufficiently willing to contemplate that they are the problem. If a program dedicated to putting the round pegs of humanity into square holes fails, the bureaucrats running it will conclude that the citizens need to be squared off long before it dawns on them that the State should stop treating people like pegs in the first place. Furthermore, in government, failure is an exciting excuse to ask for more funding or more power.
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